Human and Environmental Security

The human security approach challenges the traditional notion of national security by arguing that the proper referent for security should be the individual rather than the state. Human security holds that a people-centered view of security is necessary to achieve national, regional, and global stability. Human security includes economic, food, health, environmental, personal, community, and political security. Thus, environmental security addresses one aspect of the broader concept of human security. Citizens, politicians, and the media are becoming more aware of environmental threats and their consequences for national and international security and stability. At the same time, the concept of environmental security offers also new options for peace and stability. Working together on solving environmental problems is often the simplest way to long-term systematic and fundamental cooperation.